Group of people on a hillside
Group of people on a hillside

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Jenny  Walking Sheep Up Street
Jenny Walking Sheep Up Street

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Beekeepers examining a frame of bees
Beekeepers examining a frame of bees

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Group of people on a hillside
Group of people on a hillside

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  • Harriet Bell

What can Dartmoor deliver under the public goods theme of "Beauty, Heritage and Engagement"?

Defra have outlined that ELMs will finance farmers primarily through the delivery of 6 public goods. These are:

  • Clean air

  • Clean and plentiful water

  • Protection from and mitigation of environmental hazards

  • Mitigation of and adaptation to climate change

  • Thriving plants and wildlife

  • Beauty, heritage and engagement

As part of the Dartmoor ELMs Test and Trial our volunteer farmer Advisory Team are identifying options they think should be included under a Land Management Plan with potential application to cover home farms, commons and possibly home farms and commons together. The Team met virtually on the 8th of June to agree a list of options under the theme of "Beauty. heritage and engagement". If you farm or own land on Dartmoor and have thoughts about what should be included within this theme it's not too late to share them with us by taking part in our questionnaire on the theme. What follows is the list of agreed desirable options, which farmers and land owners may wish to deliver under ELMs, as well as some additional thoughts:


- Bracken management

- Flexible stocking of sustainable hefted flocks and herds

- Measures to encourage stock to graze in the right place such as liming, cutting etc.

- Plan to combine firebreaks with archaeology for a double benefit, best suited to linear features

- Capital works support for erosion repairs, leat repairs (may be responsibility of owner), historic route ways

- PALS, accommodating different outcomes within them, equally valued on home farm and commons

- Management of scheduled ancient monuments

- Group happy to include support for preservation of clay and tin mining archaeology

Heritage Features in the landscape

- Maintenance, repair and creation of field boundaries including Devon stone faced banks, planted hedges, corn ditches, strolls and dry stone walls.

- Local heritage farm fixtures e.g. granite gate posts, churn stands, drift lanes, pounds, mounting blocks, ash houses, sheep creep in walls

- Traditional farm buildings, with an approach to planning which enables contemporary use

- Historic field systems

Intangible cultural heritage

- Hefted flocks and herds, shepherding to specific areas is unrealistic

- Livestock e.g. heritage breeds (based on history, genetic significance etc.)

- Swaling skills, support for training

- Active graziers, support new entrants to grazing the commons

- Drifting

- Livestock markets

Managing public access

- Fencing to aid stock management and protection from negative impacts of public access such as dog attacks but also to protect public in some areas

- Farm visits a variety of different models including educational visits

- Signage (creation and maintenance), also GPS based interpretation using mobile data

- Tracks: creation, maintenance and improvement

- Permissive access

- Support for farm gate sales

- Support for visitor facilities e.g. toilets, BBQ sites, seasonal campsites on farm

- Areas which can be set aside for other public goods e.g. biodiversity

- Support for communication infrastructure e.g. websites

- River and wetland crossings (creation and maintenance)

- Vegetation management of access (grazed management preferred)

- Cattle grids (creation and maintenance)

- Support for more parking on farm to accommodate Dartmoor visitors


- Enable ongoing experimentation with different management approaches


- Visits

- Facilities

- Communication materials


- Health and Safety

- Insurance

- Training on teaching/presenting/communicating to public

- Support for knowledge sharing between farmers


- Photographic

- Third party site review and report

- Farmer self-reporting

- Farmers selecting assessors

- Farmer on farmer assessment


- Financial support to manage and deliver collaboration

- Working to deliver shared goals

- Support for shared media and marketing platform to engage public

- Non-competitive

- Bigger, joined up vision

- Support for working with volunteer groups

- Support for shared resources e.g. diggers, bracken bruisers etc. that enable farmers to deliver the objectives

If you would also like to see results from our questionnaire on the public good theme of "Beauty, heritage and engagement" they're available here:

Unfortunately you will not be able to see any written comments as this option cannot be enabled without sharing personal data, sorry. If you'd really like the comments please email me on and I'll do my best to send them to you.

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